- Name : Jayalalithaa Jayaraman
- Date of Birth : Feb 24, 1948
- Passed Away On : Dec 05, 2016
- Religion : Hindu
- Death Place : Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India
- Address : Chennai,Tamil Nadu,India
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NAME: Jayalalithaa Jayaraman
DATE OF BIRTH: 24 February 1948
PASSED AWAY ON: 5 December 2016
PLACE OF BIRTH: Melukote, in Pandavapura taluka, Mandya district, then in Mysore State (now Karnataka)
DEATH PLACE: Chennai (Tamil Nadu)OCCUPATION: Politician, Former Actress
Jayalalitha popularly known as AMMA was a political leader of AIADMK party who served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. She was the youngest politician to become the Chief Minister of the state.
Jayalalitha was born on 24 February 1948, at Melukote, in Pandavapura taluka, Mandya district, then in Mysore State (now Karnataka) to Jayaram and Vedavalli in a Tamil Brahmin (Iyengar) family. Jayalalitha was given her grandmother's name Koamalavalli at the time of birth.
Jayalalitha's father was a lawyer but wasn’t keen on working. He died when Jayalalitha was two years old. Her mother Vedavalli returned to her father's home in Bangalore in the year 1950.
Vedavalli learnt shorthand and typewriting to take up a clerical position to help support the family in 1950.
Vedavalli's younger sister Ambujavalli relocated to Madras and was working as an air hostess since 1948 and was also acting in dramas and films using the screen name Vidyaavathy since 1951. On insistence of Ambujavalli, Jayalalithaa's mother Vedavalli also shifted to Madras and stayed with her sister since 1952.
Vedavalli too worked in a commercial firm in Madras and began acting since 1953 under screen name Sandhya. Jayalalitha remained under care of her mother's sister Padmavalli and with maternal grandparents from 1950 to 1958 in Mysore.
After Padmavalli's marriage in the year 1958, Jayalalitha moved to Chennai and began to live with her mother.
She completed her childhood education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent or Presentation Church Park Convent) in Chennai.
She was a bright student at school and received a government scholarship to pursue further education. She won Gold State Award for coming first in 10th standard in not just her school but also in Tamil Nadu. She was fluent in several languages, including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Hindi, Malayalam and English
In Chennai, Jayalalitha was trained in classical music, western classical piano, and various forms of classical dance, including Bharatnatyam, Mohiniattam, Manipuri and Kathak dance forms.
She made her debut in Tamil theatre in April 1964, when she played a sales girl in the drama named Undersecretary.
Jayalalithaa's debut in Tamil cinema was the leading role in Vennira Aadai (1965), directed by C. V. Sridhar. She made her debut in Telugu films as lead actress in the movie Manushulu Mamathalu opposite Akkineni Nageshwara Rao.
She had 11 successful releases in Tamil in the year1966.
Early political career
As per Jayalalithaa, Ramachandran, who had been the chief minister for the state since 1977, played a vital role in introducing her to politics. In the year 1982, she joined the AIADMK party, which was founded by Ramachandran.
In the year 1983, she became propaganda secretary for the party and was selected as its candidate in the by-election for the Tiruchendur Assembly constituency.
Ramachandran wanted her to be a member of the Rajya Sabha because of her fluency in English. Jayalalithaa was nominated and elected to that body in the year 1984 and retained her seat until 1989.
term as Chief Minister, 1991
In the year 1991, following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi days before the elections,her party made an alliance with the Indian National Congress. This alliance became fruitful for her as it enabled her to get coalition victory due to the sympathy votes that the government received after Gandhi’s death.
The ADMK alliance with the Congress won 225 out of the 234 seats contested and won all 39 constituencies in the centre. She was re-elected to the assembly and became the first female, and the youngest, chief minister, of Tamil Nadu, to serve a full term, serving from 24 June 1991 to 12 May 1996.
Cradle Baby Scheme
In the year 1992, she introduced the "Cradle Baby Scheme". This was because, at that time the ratio of male to female in some parts of Tamil Nadu was less due to the ill-practices of female infanticide and the abortion of female foetuses. Thus, her government established centres in some areas,that were equipped to receive and place into adoption unwanted female babies.This scheme was extended in the year 2011.
Women Police Stations
Her government was the first to introduce police stations operated solely by women. Also, she introduced 30% quota for women in all the police jobs. She majorly contributed in establishing around 57 all-women police stations.
She also started other all-women establishments viz.libraries, stores, banks and co-operative elections.
The Jayalalithaa-led AIADMK party lost power in the elections of the year 1996. The party was just able to win 4 of the 168 seats that they contested. Jayalalitha, was herself defeated by the DMK candidatein Bargur Constituency. The reasons that were considered vital in this defeat were reported as anti-incumbency and several allegations of corruption and malfeasance against her and her ministers.
term as Chief Minister, 2001
Jayalalithaa was barred from standing as a candidate in the elections that held in the year 2001. This is because she had been found guilty of criminal offences, including allegedly obtaining property belonging to a state-operated agency called TANSI.
Consequently, she appealed to the Supreme Court, as she was sentenced to five years' imprisonment. But the matter did not resolve at the time of the elections.
Despite this, the AIADMK won a majority and she became the Chief Minister as a non-elected member of the state assembly on 14 May 2001.
Adding to her plight, she was also convicted in Pleasant stay hotel case on 3 February 2000 by a trial court and was sentenced one year imprisonment.
However, she was acquitted in both the TANSI and Pleasant Stay Hotel cases on 4 December 2001 and the Supreme Court upheld the order of the High Court on 24 November 2003.
Turn of events took place and her appointment was legally voided in September 2001 when the Supreme Court ruled that she could not hold it whilst convicted of criminal acts.
O. Panneerselvam who was a minister in her party, was subsequently installed as the Chief Minister. However, it was reported that his government was indirectly controlled by Jayalalitha.
First Women Commandos
in the year 2003, India's first company of female police commandos was set up in Tamil Nadu. They underwent the same training as their male counterparts, covering the handling of weapons, detection and disposal of bombs, driving, horse riding, and adventure sports.
Third term as Chief Minister, 2011
In April of the year 2011, the AIADMK party was part of a 13-party alliance that won the 14th State Assembly Elections.
Jayalalithaa became the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 May 2011. Subsequently, she was elected unanimously as the leader of the AIADMK party.
On 19 December 2011, Jayalalithaa expelled her long-time close aide Sasikala Ntarajan and 13 others from the AIADMK party. However, later on Sasikala was reinstated as a party member.
The acquittal allowed her once again to hold office and on 23 May 2015, Jayalalithaa was sworn as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time.
Subsequently, she was re-elected by the electorate of the Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar (State Assembly Constituency) of North Chennai in the by-elections held on 27 June 2015.
Elected as Chief Minister in the year 2016
Jayalalithaa again rose to power and was elected as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in the May 2016 elections. She is the second Chief Minister after M. G. Ramachandran, to serve consecutive terms as Chief Minister.
Jayalalitha worked immensely for the poor. She started a couple of schemes and products under her brand name AMMA to support the downtrodden. Following are some of her major products that are available in the market:
•Amma Salt available at subsidised rate f rupees 14 per kg
•Amma Mixer Grinder
•Amma mineral water that was priced at rupees 10
•Amma baby kits for infants that were distributed to new mothers free of cost
•Amma Mobile phones that were priced way less than the regular smart phones
•Amma Laptops that were distributed to about 11 Lakh students of the state
•Amma canteen that supplied food at subsidised rate of Rupees 5 per plate
Jayalalitha was admitted to the Apollo Hospital in Chennai on 22 September 2016 after complaining of infection and acute dehydration. . Over the next 74 days, she was treated by a team of qualified and specialist doctors from Apollo, AIIMS and from the UK.
Her condition slowly improved. On the other hand her official duties were handed over to O. Panneerselvam on October 12, 2016.
It was reported that she was also suffering from severe pulmonary infection and septicaemia, which were cured.
During the course of treatment, her right arm was said to be swollen, as indicated by her inability to affix her signature on the November bye-election nomination papers for three of her party members who were standing for the elections.
On 4 December, specialist doctors at AIIMS declared her "fit". However, the next day, she was re-admitted to the CCU after she suffered a cardiac arrest. The hospital officially announced the death of the chief minister on 5th December 2016 at 11:30 pm