- Name : Varahagiri Venkata Giri
- Date of Birth : Aug 10, 1894
- Passed Away On : Jun 23, 1980
- Religion : Hindu
- Death Place : Madras (Chennai, Tamil Nadu)
- Address : Chennai
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NAME: Varahagiri Venkata Giri
DATE OF BIRTH: 10 August 1894
PASSED AWAY ON: 23 June 1980
PLACE OF BIRTH: Berhampur, Madras Presidency, British India (Now in Odisha)
DEATH PLACE: Madras (Chennai, Tamil Nadu)
OCCUPATION: Fourth President of India
V.V. Giri was the fourth President of India who also actively participated in Non Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement.
Giri was born in a Telugu, Brahmin family at a place called Berhampur, currently situated in Odisha state of India. His father was V.V. Jogayya Pantulu who was a successful lawyer and also political activist associated with the Indian National Congress. Even his mother Subhadramma was an active participant in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Non Cooperation Movement from the area of Berhampur.
V.V. Giri’s wife was Saraswati Bai and the couple had 14 children.
Giri completed his formal education from Khallikote College in Berhampur. In the year 1913 he took admission in University College, Dublin, in Ireland to study Law.
• He returned to India in the year 1916 and enrolled at Madras High Court. But later on, Giri discontinued his well-established legal career as he started lending his support to the Non-Cooperation Movement in the year 1920.
• Also, in the year 1922, Giri was arrested for the first time as he was demonstrating against the at liquor shops.
• He served as the Union Minister for Labour from 1952-1954.
• In the year 1957, he was appointed as a Governor of Uttar Pradesh and served till 1967.
• Also, he served as the Governor of Kerala from 1960 till 1965 and Governor of Karnataka from 1965 till 1967
• Giri also became the third Vice President of India on 13 May 1967 and remained on the post till 3 May 1969.
Giri as an Acting President:
On 3 May 1969, the then President Zakir Hussain passed away and thus Giri became the acting President during that time. However, he resigned from the post on 20 July 1969 and contested the elections as independent candidate. During his tenure as an acting president he approved Indira Gandhi’s nationalization of 14 banks and insurance companies.
Giri as President of India:
Giri took the oath as a President of India on 24 August 1969. He remained in office till 24 August 1974. He was the only President who also served as an acting President and was also the only President who was elected as the President as an independent candidate.
Awards and Achievements:
Giri was awarded with Bharat Ratna in the year 1975. He is amongst the five presidents of India to get this highest civilian honour.
• V.V Giri’s hometown is Berhampur, where a road, a secondary school and a market are named after him as a mark of respect for him.
• The Indian Posts and Telegraph Department in the year 1974, released a commemorative postage stamp on him.
• In the year 1995, The National Labour Institute was renamed in the honour of V.V. Giri
Written Publications in His Honour:
• V.V. Giri wrote two books titled:
1) Industrial Relations
2) Labour Problems in Indian Industry
• His memoirs were published in the year 1976 titled My Life and Times
Giri died due to heart attack on 23 June 1980. There was a week-long mourning period declared by the Government of India after his death.