She got married in May 1883 to Mohandas Karam Chandra Gandhi. She was then 14-years old and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was 13-years old.
In the year 1888, Mahatma Gandhi went to London for higher studies while Kasturba remained in India to raise their newborn son Harilal Gandhi. The couple had three more sons: Manilal Gandhi, Devdas Gandhi Ramdas and Gandhi. They also had a son who died very young and Kasturba never got over his death even after the birth of their four sons.
Her political career
Kasturba Gandhi entered into politics in South Africa in the year 1904. It was during this time when Mahatma Gandhi established the Phoenix Settlement near Durban. Later on in the year 1913, she took part in protests against the ill-treatment of Indian immigrants in South Africa. However, she was arrested for this attempt. Kasturba and Mahatma Gandhi returned to India and permanently left South Africa in July 1914.
Kasturba suffered from chronic bronchitis while in South Africa, but she continued to take part in the civil actions and protests across India organized by her husband. She spent most of her time in helping poor people as well as serving in ashrams.
In the year 1917, Kasturba focused her attention on women upliftment, particularly in Champaran, Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi was also working here with indigo farmers. As a part of her women welfare attempt, she taught them hygiene, health, discipline, reading and writing.
In the year 1922, Kasturba participated in Satyagraha or nonviolent resistance movement in Borsad, Gujarat. She could not take part in Gandhi's famous Salt March in 1930. However, she continued to take part in many marches and civil disobedience campaigns. Consequently, she was arrested and jailed on numerous occasions.
In the year 1939, Kasturba took part in nonviolent protests against the British rule in Rajkot. She advocated for women in this protest but was arrested and kept in solitary confinement for a month. It was during the confinement that her health deteriorated but she continued to fight for independence. In the year 1942, she was again arrested along with her husband Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters while they were participating in the Quit India movement and she was imprisoned in the Aga Khan Palace in Pune. By this time her health had worsened completely and she died at the detention camp in Pune.
Kasturba suffered from chronic bronchitis from her very birth. Her bronchitis became complicated as she suffered from pneumonia as well.
In January 1944, Kasturba suffered two heart attacks and became bed-ridden for a longer time. She suffered from continuous pain and breathlessness. Kasturba urged to see an Ayurvedic doctor and after several delays, the government allowed an Ayurvedic specialist to treat her and prescribe treatment.
She responded to the treatment and soon recovered remarkably by the second week in the month of February 1944. However, then came a relapse of her bronchitis attack and on 22 February 1944, which happened to be Mahashivratri day of that year, Kasturba Gandhi died at the age of 74 on her husband’s arms.