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Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata

Mar 03, 1839 - May 19, 1904

 Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata


  • Name : Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata
  • Date of Birth : Mar 03, 1839
  • Passed Away On : May 19, 1904
  • Religion : Parsi
  • Death Place : Bad Nauheim, German Empire
  • Address : India
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Life Summary

    Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata
    DATE OF BIRTH: 3 March 1839 
    PASSED AWAY ON: 19 May 1904
    PLACE OF BIRTH:  Navsari, Baroda, Bombay Presidency, British India
    DEATH PLACE: Bad Nauheim, German Empire
    OCCUPATION: Founder of Tata Group

    Jamsetji Tata was an Indian entrepreneur who founded the famous Tata Group. He was also a philanthropist who worked for the society.


    Jamsetji Tata was born into a Parsi family residing in Navsari, then part of the Princely state of Baroda. His father was Nusserwanji and mother Jeevanbai Tata. He was the only son and was the first child of his parents. His father belonged to the Parsi Zoroastrian priest family. Nusserwanji, chose a career different from the others of his caste and thus became the first businessman of the group. Consequently, Nusserwanji started an export trading firm in Mumbai.

    His Education 
    Jamsetji Tata completed his graduation from Elphinstone College as a Green Scholar which was considered equivalent to a graduate.

    In the year 1858, after completing his graduation, Jamsetji Tata joined his father’s business and established branches of his father’s trading firm in overseas market particularly in the following countries Japan, China, America, European countries, England, etc. Such a move was indeed brave considering the situation then. It was the time of Indian Rebellion of 1857 suppression by the British government and thus people were sceptical to enter into new businesses due to the political turmoil. 

    Jamsetji worked under his father’s guidance till the age of 29 years.

    His Marriage
    Jamsetji Tata married at a young age, while he was still in his Graduation College. His wife was Hirabai Daboo. He had two sons from his wedlock Dorabji Tata and Ratanji Tata. The latter became the chairman of the Tata Group.

    Evolution of Tata Group
    In the year 1868, Jamsetji started his own trading company that later on became the present Tata conglomerate. During the initial years of his firm, his main focus was on cotton manufacturing. Thus, in the year 1869, Tata purchased a bankrupt oil mill at Chinchpokli and converted it into a cotton mill. He named this mill as Alexandra Mill.

    But, after two years he sold that mill at considerable profit and set up another cotton mill in 1874 at Nagpur. He named this mill as Empress Mill as Queen Victoria became the Empress of India on 1 January 1877.

    Subsequently he established cotton mills at places like Bombay and Coorla as well.
    It is said that Tata had majorly four goals in life:
    1) To start an Iron and steel company
    2) A learning institute of world-repute
    3) To set up a hydro-electric plant
    4) To start a hotel

    However, the destiny has some other plans and it was just the hotel that started during his lifetime. And this hotel was Taj Mahal Hotel at Colaba waterfront in Mumbai. The hotel was inaugurated on 3 December 1903 and was the only hotel in India that had electric power supply.

    Jamsetji Tata was on his way to Germany for a business trip when he fell seriously ill. Consequently, he died in Bad Nauheim on 19 May 1904. He was buried there in a Parsi burial ground  in Brookwood Cemetery, Woking England.
    In his Honour

    Tata’s iron and steel plant was established at Sakchi, a village in Jharkhand. This village gradually developed into a town and the railway station of the place was christened as Tata Nagar. It is now renamed as Jamshedpur to commemorate the business tycoon, and is a renowned and developed metropolis of the country.

    However, the old village of Sakchi, still remains and is now a part of Suburbs of Jamshedpur.

    His Philanthropic Missions
    Jamsetji was also a philanthropist. He established the famous J.N. Tata Endowment in 1892, which encouraged Indian students to pursue higher education.

    In the year 1898 he donated land for a research institute in Bangalore that later on became Indian Institute of Science established by his sons in the year 1911. 

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RAMYAR KEKI BATHA, BANGALORE - 2017-03-23 00:52:55

" Jamsetji Tata was The Great Parsi Visionary of India. As an Indian, his and his family successors contribution "