- Name : Dadabhai Naoroji
- Date of Birth : Sep 04, 1825
- Passed Away On : Jun 30, 1917
- Religion : Parsi
- Death Place : Mumbai
- Address : Mumbai
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Dadabhai Naoroji (दादाभाई नौरोजी)
DATE OF BIRTH: 4 September 1825
PASSED AWAY ON: 30 June 1917
PLACE OF BIRTH: Bombay
DEATH PLACE: Mumbai
OCCUPATION: Political leader, Academician
Dadabhai Naoroji is also known as The Grand old man of India. He was a great Academician as well as Politician.
Nairoji was born in a Gujarati speaking Parsi family in Mumbai. His father was Naoroji Palanji Dordi who died when Dadabhai was just four years old. His mother Maneckbai raised him. Though, she herself was uneducated and illiterate but ensured that Dadabhai got best education that too through English medium. Dadabhai was married to Gulbaai.
Dadabhai was a bright student during his student life and had good grasp over English and Mathematics. He was educated at Elphinstone Institute School. On completion of his course he was appointed as Head Native Assistant Master at Elphinstone Institution. Also, he became the professor of Natural Philosophy and Mathematics at the same institution at the age of 27. Thus, he was the first Indian to become a professor of any educational institute.
His Political Stint
Dadbhai entered politics in the year 1852. In the subsequent year i.e. 1853, he strongly opposed the renewal of lease to the East India Company. As a result he sent petitions to the British Government but to his disappointment, the British power ignored his pleas and renewed the lease.
Dadabhai was of the opinion that the British rule over India and their ill treatment of Indian folk was due to the lack of knowledge and ignorant attitude of the Indian natives. Thus, he started a society named Gyan Prasarak Mandali to promote education of the Indians.
He left for England at the age of 30. There, he delivered many speeches and wrote a lot about the misery and plight of Indians. It was in England that he formed East India Association on December 1st in the year 1866. This association comprised of high-ranking officers from India and people who had access to the members of British Parliament. Dadabhai himself was elected to the British Parliament from Central Finsbury as the Liberal Party candidate in the year 1892.
During his reign, he got a resolution passed in British Parliament for holding the Preliminary examination for I.C.S in England as well as India simultaneously.
He also, got a resolution passed that acknoweledged the need for even distribution of military and administrative expenditure between the two nations i.e. England and India.
Dadabhai played a vital role in the establishment of the Indian National Congress founded by A.O. Hume in the year 1885. He was elected to the post of President of INC thrice i.e. in the following years 1886, 1893 and in 1906. During his presidential reign in the year 1906, he publically came out and demanded ‘Swaraj’ or self-rule. Dadabhai believed in Non-violent way of protesting and getting India rid of British power.
Dadabhai died at the age of 92 on 30 June in the year 1917.