- Name : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
- Date of Birth : Oct 31, 1875
- Passed Away On : Dec 15, 1950
- Religion : Hindu
- Death Place : Bombay, Bombay State, India
- Address : Nadiad, Bombay Presidency, British India (Now in Gujarat, India)
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Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress as well as an Indian Barrister and Statesman.
Vallabhbhai Patel entered 31 October as his date of birth on his matriculation examination papers, but his actual date of birth is still unknown.
Patel travelled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad. He passed his matriculation at a relatively late age of 22 years and thus was considered un-ambitious by his family.
Conversely, Patel planned to study to become a lawyer. For this he planned to work and save funds, travel to England and study to become a barrister.
Thus, Patel spent many years away from his family. He studied on his own with books borrowed from other lawyers and passed his examinations within two years.
His Married Life
He set up his household in Godhra and lived there along with his wife Jhaverba. The couple had a daughter, Maniben born in 1904, and a son, Dahyabhai born in 1906.
Patel suffered from Plague
Patel took care of a friend who suffered from Bubonic plague that spread across Gujarat during those times. Patel himself caught the disease and during that time he immediately left his home and moved into an isolated house in Nadiad for the sake of his family’s safety.
As per some records Patel spent this time in a dilapidated temple and recovered slowly.
Death of his Wife
In the year 1909, Patel's wife Jhaverba was hospitalised in Bombay to undergo a major surgery. She was battling with cancer. Her health suddenly declined and, despite successful surgery and other emergency procedures, she died in the hospital.
Patel was in the middle of a court session and was cross-examining a witness in the court when he received a note about his wife’s death. As per the witnesses in the court, Patel read the note, pocketed it and continued to cross-examine the witness. He also won the case.
Only after the court proceedings got over that he broke the news to others. Patel decided against marrying again and stick to his decision. He raised his children with the help of his family and gave them the best education. He sent them to English-medium schools in Mumbai.
His further studies
At the age of 36 years he went to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London. He finished a 36-months course in 30 months. Also, Patel topped his class despite the fact that he had no previous college background.
His role during Quit India Moment
On the outbreak of World War Second, Patel supported Nehru's decision to withdraw the Congress from central and provincial legislatures. This was in contrary to Gandhi's advice, as well as an initiative by senior leader Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari to offer Congress's full support to Britain.
His Support for Partition
Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the first Congress leaders to support partition of India. He accepted the partition of India as a solution to the rising Muslim separatist movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
He condemned Jinnah's Direct Action campaign, which had provoked communal violence across India.
In the year 1950, Patel’s health declined rapidly and he began coughing blood. His health worsened after 2 November, when he began losing consciousness frequently and was suggested bed-rest. As his condition became critical, he was flown to Mumbai on 12 December on advice from Dr Roy.
Many political hot shots viz. Nehru, Rajagopalchari, Rajendra Prasad and Menon came to see him off at Delhi Airport. Patel was extremely weak and had to be carried onto the aircraft in a chair.
On the other hand a large crowd gathered at Santacruz Airport in Delhi to greet him. To avoid such huge public and to spare him from unnecessary stress, the aircraft landed at Juhu Aerodrome, where Chief Minister B.G. Kher and Morarji Desai were present to receive him. A car belonging to the Governor of Bombay took Vallabh Bhai Patel to Birla House.
Patel suffered a massive heart attack (that was his second attack) and he died on 15 December 1950 at Birla House in Bombay.
On the day after his death more than 1,500 officers of India's civil and police services congregated to mourn at Patel's residence in Delhi and pledged "complete loyalty and unremitting zeal" in India's service. His cremation was initially planned at Girgaum Chowpatty, but the venue was changed to Sonapur (currently at Marine Lines). This was done on the request of his daughter, when she conveyed that it was his wish to be cremated like a common man in the same place as his wife and brother were earlier cremated.
His cremation in Sonapur in Bombay was attended by a huge crowd for about 1-million including Prime Minister Nehru, Rajagopalachari, and President Rajendra Prasad.
To Commemorate Him:
· Ahemdabad International Airport is named after Sardar Patel
· Also the International Cricket Stadium of Ahmedabad popularly called the Motera Stadium is named after him.
· National Cricket Stadium in Navrangpura, Ahmedabad that is used for national matches and events, is also named after him.
· The chief outer ring road encircling Ahmedabad is named Sardar Patel Ring Road
· Gujarat government's institution for training government functionaries is named Sardar Patel Institute of Public Administration to commemorate the great soul